Forgot password?
submarines shipbuilding Black Sea Fleet exercise Pacific Fleet Russian Navy Northern Fleet strategy cooperation Ukraine visits Russia piracy missiles trials Sevastopol history Sevmash presence contracts drills Baltic Fleet industry incident anti-piracy shipyards Gulf of Aden frigate training Somalia India developments reforms opinion Borei policy procurements Russia - India aircraft carrier Crimea arms exports USA St. Petersburg tests France financing Bulava Yury Dolgoruky Serdiukov US Navy cruise Mediterranean Zvezdochka NATO innovations Indian Navy United Shipbuilding Corporation Medvedev Arctic agreements commission Admiralteyskie Verfi Admiral Gorshkov Vladivostok Mistral accident hijacking corvettes overhaul anniversary Russia - France Admiral Kuznetsov Vysotsky Rosoboronexport ceremony event Yantar Severomorsk defense order negotiations conflict aircraft China deployment naval aviation Black Sea investigations Putin Varyag coast guard Vikramaditya Novorossiysk landing craft crime Far East marines meeting Severnaya Verf scandals memorials Syria traditions statistics South Korea Japan escort Yasen Neustrashimy tenders convoys Marshal Shaposhnikov Admiral Chabanenko Ukrainian Navy Chirkov problems Severodvinsk reinforcement tension technology firings tragedy search and rescue Caspian Flotilla upgrade hostages provocation Baltic Sea Moskva Almaz frontier service court Turkey keel laying Dmitry Donskoy rumors shipwreck Petr Veliky Kaliningrad World War II death helicopters Admiral Panteleyev Kilo class Atalanta Norway Rubin Admiral Vinogradov patrols Russia-Norway delivery
Our friends russian navy weapons world sailing ships
Tell a friend Print version

Part II. Ideological bomb

Text: RusNavy.com, D. Yerofeev
Let us return 20 years back. With the beginning of so-called "perestroika" when all values previously seemed to be unbreakable were revised, and all investments which didn't guarantee immediate incomes and counters piled with goods were called in question, there were also some doubts whether the former superpower really needed the Army and the Navy.

Among other topics, the matter of building and maintenance costs of aircraft carriers was also in the public limelight under overall and then-popular refrain like "what the budget money is squandered on?" Basically, at that time every columnist specialized in "politically urgent" pseudo-military themes and normally familiar with arms and doctrines only thank to school pre-service training program and translated articles from foreign glossy magazines, could get material benefits by practicing a threadbare themes like "how much do taxpayers pay for one submarine/tank division/strategic bomber etc".

Generally, those "discussions" were hold in two directions. One part of inksters was counting how much commercial products could be made instead of one aircraft carrier; another group the most "progressive" in defense issues deliberated what should be purchased for land forces reminding that Russia is entirely a "land power" and needs mighty ocean-going navy only to fulfill "imperial ambitions" which "should undoubtedly be given up". As for them, Russia needed only littoral, coastwise, or so called "mosquito fleet", capable only to defend the closest frontiers and scarify poachers and smugglers.

This ideological bomb seriously damaged Russia's defense capacity. The fifth column had done its part well. Public mind was strongly and permanently convinced that navy is an expensive and useless toy for cracked admirals and alcoholic officers.

Time has put all things in order. Today it stands to reason that Russian Navy does need an aircraft-carrying component. Recent local and almost-global conflicts with permanent and highly effective involvement of these floating airfields made not only the military and politicians but even common people take notice of aircraft carriers' role.

Read more
Table of contents

Part I. The story of Soviet carriers
Part II. Ideological bomb
Part III. And so the need was swelling
Part IV. What kind of carriers and fighters do we need?
Part V. Catapult or ski-ramp?
Part VI. Choosing designer and shipyard
Part VII. Renewed Navy headed by a carrier